Clear The Air, Activated Carbon Is Different from Carbon

There has always been this air of confusion regarding activated carbon and general carbon; most people think the two are exactly the same and have no clear difference. Just because their color is the same doesn’t mean that they have no difference at all. Apart from their appearance, one being powdery and the other being solid, there are major differences between them. It is true that both are obtained from the burning of wood that is carbonization, but activated carbon is different from general carbon in the sense that it goes through the process of activation after carbonization, as a result of which we get activated carbon. Their structures are also completely different; it is not just that general carbon is solid, and activated carbon is powdery, but the activated carbon is more porous than general carbon and is therefore used for the absorption of organic chemicals. So now you know that activated carbon is completely different from carbon, which means your basics are clear. Let’s dig in a little deep and discuss the different types and applications of activated carbon.

Types Of Activated Carbon and Their Specific Qualities:
  • Coconut Shell Based Activated Carbon:

The coconut shell-based activated carbon is made by coconut shell, not the tree, only from the shell, as the name indicates. Once the carbonization of the coconut shell is completed, it is further processed for its activation. For activation, the carbon obtained from the coconut shell undergoes a steam activation process by which it becomes porous, and its surface area increases.

  • Its surface area is very large.
  • It has a great number of pores.
  • It has an outstanding purifying ability.
  • It is a recyclable material.
  • It is hard and creates less dust.
  • Coal Based Activated Carbon:

Coal is burnt to form carbon which then undergoes a steam activation process to convert coal carbon into coal-based activated carbon. This conversion changes the structure of coal carbon and makes it highly porous with a very large surface area.

  • It is very economical and affordable.
  • It is hard and generates less dust.
  • Its density remains consistent.
  • Wood Based Activated Carbon:

For making wood-based activated carbon, specific types of woods are selected which undergo carbonization and form wood carbon. Wood carbon is then activated either by undergoing a steam activation process or by phosphoric acid activation. As a result, porous wood-based activated carbon is obtained, which mainly has pores in the macropore and mesopore region of it.

  • It is a recyclable material.
  • It has great decolorizing properties.
  • It has low density.
  • It has a high surface area.
  • Catalytic Based Activated Carbon:

Catalytic carbon is a bit different from other activated carbons as it is made by altering the surface structure of coconut shell-based activated carbon. The coconut shell-based activated carbon is catalyzed by iron-hydroxide and thus becomes highly activated. As a result of this, its absorption increases as its proportion of pores increases.

  • It offers the highest oxidation.
  • It has the largest proportion of pores.
  • Impregnated Activated Carbon:

Impregnated activated carbon is formed by the impregnation of activated carbon with chemicals. Chemicals are distributed on the internal surface of the carbon’s pores to increase its absorption capacity.

  • It has exceptional absorption ability.
  • It is very cost-effective for the purification of water and gas.
Applications Of All the Different Types of Activated Carbons:

All of the above-mentioned types of activated carbons are used for various different and specialized purposes. One can get any type of activated carbon from any wholesale activated carbon distributor and use it for the treatment of water and gas, purification of water by inhibiting bacteria, removal of organic compounds like benzene, removal of taste and odor, removal of gold, removal of chlorine and chloramine, removal of waste gases, purification of gas, recovery of solvent, decolorization of oil, refining of oil, removal of indoor pollution and so on. These are all the major things for which activated carbons are manufactured and used.

Final Word:

You had no idea about activated carbon all this time when you were even using it; yes, you have used it; how do we know? It is present in so many of these face washes, which you use every day; the charcoal face masks that you use have activated carbon in them; it is basically present in most of the skin purifying products. Well, we are sure it would be all clear to you by now that activated carbon is completely different from general carbon. The process of its formation, structure, types, qualities, applications and all these aspects make it distinctively different from general carbon.