Things to know about Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a waxy substance made by the liver in your blood. It is required to build body cells and it helps to generate vitamin d and certain hormones.

Your Body gets cholesterol through dairy products and animals like meat, egg, and poultry. However, excess cholesterol levels can increase your risk of heart diseases such as heart attack, stroke, and other heart-related problems.

High cholesterol problems can be due to family hereditary or certain unhealthy choices  You can keep your cholesterol level under control by following a healthy lifestyle and by taking proper medications recommended by your doctor.

Types of cholesterol

Low-density Lipoprotein

It is known as bad cholesterol since it narrows the arteries due to plaque buildup in the arteries which leads to a heart attack.

High-density lipoprotein

It is known as good cholesterol since it takes away cholesterol from arteries back to the liver and then it is removed from the body. HDL lowers your risk of heart attacks and other heart-related ailments. 

Very high-density lipoprotein

Known as bad cholesterol and carries triglyceride instead of cholesterol which builds plaque in the arteries and leads to heart stroke.

Reasons for high cholesterol

There are many factors that can lead to high cholesterol.

Overweight: If you are overweight, then there are chances of you having high cholesterol.

No exercise: regular exercise helps you to keep your cholesterol under control. 

Smoking and drinking: tobacco can be harmful to your heart and can increase the risk of heart-related problems, similarly alcohol can trigger your cholesterol.

Age: Due to unhealthy lifestyles, age has got nothing to do with this problem but people above 35 yrs age are more prone to high cholesterol.

Family history: If anyone in your family has these problems, then it’s obvious that other members can have a similar problems.

Wrong food choices: Taking too many dairy products or saturated fats can put you at risk.

Other Health Conditions that can cause High Cholesterol

1 Diabetes problem

2 kidney disease

3 Hypothyroidism

4 Pregnancy condition

How to Lower High Cholesterol

If you have high cholesterol, then you can manage it by bringing some changes to your lifestyle.

1 Stop excessive consumption of alcohol

2 Keep your weight under control

3 Do regular exercise

4 Stop smoking

5 Eat a well-balanced diet that is low in saturated fats

Your doctor may recommend medications to bring your bad cholesterol level under control. However, if you have a family hereditary, then it is difficult to stay away from this problem.

Symptoms of High Cholesterol

There are no symptoms of high cholesterol until you get some severe health complications such as heart attack or stroke. it is better to get your cholesterol level test in routine as you reach 30 yrs of age

A doctor can recommend a complete cholesterol test or lipid panel test to measure your HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels

Patiala heart institute has the best team of Cardiologists. If you want to protect yourself against heart attack, strokes, chest pain, or angina, then you can make an appointment with our experts.