What Is Cholera? Facts And How To Help

Cholera is a deadly disease that kills thousands of people each year. People infected with cholera can die within hours if they do not get treatment, so it’s important to be aware of the symptoms and know how cholera is transmitted. Cholera affects many parts of your body, including your intestines, bloodstream, and kidneys. 

This article will go into cholera symptoms, transmission methods, and how to help those impacted by cholera.

Let’s get started.

What Is Cholera?

The bacterium Vibrio cholera causes cholera. The cholera bacteria are transferred from feces into an environment where people have no access to clean drinking water. Once ingested, these harmful toxins cause cells lining the small intestine to secrete a fluid, leading to dehydration and shock if not treated quickly enough. 

A severe cholera infection can kill within hours due to the massive loss of body fluids caused by profuse diarrhea. For more precise information regarding the infection, you must check on Ask Apollo.

How Is Cholera Transmitted?

A person who has cholera can spread the disease to others if they don’t wash their hands properly after using the bathroom and before cooking, eating, touching other people. Cholera does not have a long-term effect on your health, but it still spreads quickly, so ensure you don’t touch anything with dirty hands.

Facts about Cholera

  • Cholera is caused by contaminated food or water.
  • Nausea, diarrhea, and leg cramps are all symptoms of cholera.
  • Unfortunately, cholera affects 1.3 million – 4 million people worldwide every year, with 21,000 to 143,000 people dying from the illness.
  • Cholera can only be avoided by cooking and drinking clean water, cleaning hands with water and soap and water, or using a toilet for hygiene.

What makes cholera so harmful for newborns and little children?

The vomiting and diarrhea related to cholera might quickly dehydrate children. Young kids lack the protection that adults might well have built over time in regions where cholera is prevalent — local, frequent transmission. Additionally, children who are malnourished are more prone to cholera illness.

The best way to treat Cholera
  • The most common therapy for cholera is oral and intravenous hydration.
  • They advised antibiotic therapy for extremely unwell individuals in addition to fluids. 
  • Patients with severe or moderate dehydration that keep passing a considerable amount of stool following rehydration therapy should take it. Especially pregnant ladies and patients having comorbidities should receive antibiotic therapy (e.g., severe acute malnutrition, HIV infection).
  • Antibiotics are usually provided when a person can take orally administered medicine. Local antibiotic susceptibility trends must guide antibiotic selection. Doxycycline is the first-line therapy for adults (particularly pregnant women) & kids in most regions. If doxycycline resistance is confirmed, azithromycin or ciprofloxacin remain viable alternatives.
  • Antibiotic susceptibility must be assessed during an epidemic or breakout by regularly analyzing specimen isolates from diverse geographic locations.
  • Antibiotics are not recommended as cholera prophylactic, so all standards highlight that antibiotics must be taken in combination with rigorous hydration.
  • For proper antibiotic distribution, healthcare staff must be educated, enough supplies must be ensured, and monitored practices.

The Bottom Line

Cholera is an extremely dangerous disease that causes severe diarrhea and dehydration, quickly leading to death if left untreated. If cholera reaches epidemic levels, it can affect hundreds of thousands or even millions of people within just a few weeks. Thus, if you notice any symptoms regarding the illness, you must get your checkup done at Nanavati hospital soon.