Hay Fever Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Hay fever, also known as Allergic rhinitis. It is a group of symptoms that affects the nose. It is generally caused due to allergens or pollutants and takes place during the fall season. In this blog, we have listed all the causes, symptoms, and remedies you can use to treat gay fever.  Make sure that you visit your doctor for the best treatment.

Causes of Hay Fever
  1. Weak immune system.
  2. Allergy
  3. Pollutants
Symptoms of Hay Fever
  • Runny Nose
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Itchy eyes
  • Watery eyes
  • Red eyes
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Swollen skin under the eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Postnasal drip
Remedies for Hay Fever Treatment
1. Nasal Corticosteroids

This helps to treat nasal inflammation and prevent its future occurrence as well. This is one of the most effective remedies for Hay fever. The example of such type of Nasal corticosteroids includes mometasone (Nasonex) & mometasone (Nasonex). These are available on the prescription. The prescription for Nasal Spray azelastine and fluticasone contains antihistamine along with the steroid. You can trust the remedy as steroids hardly have any side effects.

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2. Decongestants

The next remedy that can help you to get rid of Hay fever is Decongestants. This medicine is available in the form of the counter drug, nasal sprays, or tablets. The examples of over the counter oral decongestants are pseudoephedrine. You can also consider nasal sprays like oxymetazoline or phenylephrine hydrochloride. The only problem with oral decongestants is that it can give way to numerous side effects, including high blood pressure, headache, insomnia, and irritability. In order to prevent these health problems, do not use these nasal sprays for more than two days.

3. Cromolyn Sodium

This remedy is available in the form of the counter nasal spray that has to be used numerous times in a day. The remedy is also known as an eye drop. This helps to prevent all the symptoms of hay fever. It also contains the histamine’s release. This is an ideal remedy for all the people out there who already know that they are allergic to something or the other; as soon as they connect with the allergen, they can start having this remedy. The best thing about this remedy is that it does not have side effects.

4. Leukotriene Modifier

Next in the list of remedies for hay fever is Leukotriene Modifier. This remedy helps to block the action of Leukotrienes. It is a chemical released by the immune system that leads to symptoms like mucus production in the excess. This remedy is useful for treating asthma that is caused due to an allergy. Also, it is an excellent substitute for the nasal spray. Make sure you follow the ideal dosage of this as recommended by the doctor; otherwise, it may lead to several side effects.

5. Nasal ipratropium

This remedy is also available in the form of a prescription nasal spray. It helps to treat a severe symptom that includes runny nose, congestion, and sneezing. It can, at times, lead to mild symptoms like dizziness, blurred vision, or problem while urinating.

This remedy is not effective for the people suffering from glaucoma or men who have an enlarged prostate.

6. Oral Corticosteroids

Next in the list of remedies for hay fever is Oral Corticosteroids. These are available in the form of pills that helps to treat the symptoms of hay fever.

However, one should not use it in the long run as it can lead to many side effects that include osteoporosis, cataracts, and muscle weakness. Your doctor would prescribe these for a short duration.

7. Allergy Shots

At times allergy shots are also prescribed if the above-listed remedies fail to show their effects on have any side effects on your body. These are available in the form of injections, and the treatment would last for a couple of years. After every 3-5 years, you would be given an injection that would have allergens. Allergy shots make your body immune to the allergens, and later, you will not be affected by it.

8. Rinsing your Sinuses

Another remedy that can give you long term benefit is rinsing your sinus with sterile saline. It is one of the fastest and effective ways to get rid of hay fever. While rinsing, the allergens would be flushed out from the nose. It is very easy to do, as well.


Hay fever is one of the common health problems that could be seasonal or perennial. It could also be occupational. Hay fever is also known to be allergic Rhinitis. The problem is characterized as the inflammation or irritation in the nose.