Enteric Bacterial Infections – An Overview
The common occurrence of viral gastroenteritis among HIV-infected patients and the rise of resistant, antimicrobial drug class C presents a serious public health threat in developing countries. Until recently, little data was available on the occurrence or percentage of patients with gastroenteritis who develop drug-resistant strains of staph. This study aims to identify the antimicrobial resistance patterns and the prevalence of enteric bacterial pathogenic protozoa in a tertiary care hospital in southern Ethiopia. It is important to note that although staph is highly resistant to many common disinfection methods, it remains the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis and diarrhea in low-income countries. Understanding the emergence of antimicrobial resistance and its implications for public health may help prevent the emergence of staph infections that are drug-resistant.
The study was conducted between May 2020 and June 2020. A sample of randomly selected diarrhea cases was prospectively included in this study. The participating patients What are enteric bacterial infections had previously completed a questionnaire concerning their diarrhea history and symptoms. The questionnaires were also filled with questions on possible exposure to enteric bacterial infections and symptoms, which may be associated with unrecognized allergic reactions to foods, chemicals, drugs, or stool samples.
Enteric bacterial infections occur when one of several pathogens cross the intestinal lining and the junctional barrier to the stomach and intestine. These pathogens may remain in the gastrointestinal tract or be transported to the bloodstream. Antibiotics are usually ineffective against enteric bacterial infections. Enteric bacteria cause symptoms such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal pain. Because these pathogens typically affect children, they are often not detected or treated early enough, resulting in long-term consequences. As a consequence, long-term complications, such as arthritis, become the direct result of untreated enteric bacterial infections.
Enteric bacterial infections can be prevented by promoting the proper function of the intestinal microflora. This can be achieved by enhancing the nutrition intake for young children aged 5 years and above. Nutritional deficiencies can also be caused by various environmental factors, including improper water intake, consumption of contaminated water, and inappropriate activity levels at play. Thus, it is very important to ensure that young children aged 5 years old and above receive adequate nutrition to promote proper intestinal microflora function.
Maintaining appropriate weight is another preventative strategy for combating Enteric Bacterial Infections. Young children need to maintain a healthy body weight because this helps prevent various other health complications. This includes maintaining adequate fluid intake to avoid dehydration and to enhance the effectiveness of the body’s immune defenses. Indeed, preventing Enteric Bacterial Infections by maintaining weight can significantly contribute to the prevention of these infections.
In order to decrease the risk of contracting enteric bacterial infections, vaccines are recommended by local health authorities. These vaccines reduce the risks of acquiring various forms of acute gastroenteritis, which can lead to serious complications such as diarrhea and vomiting. Moreover, they also reduce the risks of acquiring chronic gastrointestinal tract infections, which can cause serious problems including dehydration, malnutrition, shock, and death. One of the best ways to minimize the risk of contracting these infections is through effective immunization practices. Moreover, regular checkups for local infectious diseases are also highly recommended. This helps reduce the chances of acquiring various forms of acute gastroenteritis and other forms of gastroenteritis.
Diarrhea is the most common complication of Enteric Bacterial Infections, especially in developing countries where poor hygiene practices are practiced. Moreover, insufficient hygienic conditions, lack of physical exercise, insufficient fluid intake, and eating foods that are cooked in fat can also contribute to developing countries’ susceptibility to diarrhea. In addition, women are more likely to develop diarrhea during their pregnancy due to hormonal changes, which can result in dehydration and eventual complications.
Intestinal obstruction with resultant diarrhea is another form of enteric bacterial infection. The exact pathogen causing the obstruction is unknown, but it usually manifests as a perforated ulcer in the intestine. When this ulcer becomes infected, it can obstruct the absorption of nutrients and liquids and cause acute electrolyte imbalance, leading to electrolyte balance problems, convulsions, and coma. Thus, timely medical treatment is highly essential in such cases.